O’LOUGLIN, Annie Margaret

Bibliography

Miss Annie Margaret O’LOUGHLIN trained at the Bucknell Hospital, Stoke-on-Trent, 1931-1999 and the Smithdown Road Hospital, Liverpool, 1939-1941.

Nursing Service in WW2

Sister Annie Margaret O’LOUGHLIN Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service (Reserve) (QAIMNSR) was killed in action when HMHS Newfoundland was bombed off the Salerno beaches, in the Mediterranean1 2.

References

  1. The British Journal of Nursing, March 1944, p.29
  2. Cassino Memorial Plaques in the Cassino Cemetery, Italy

NUTTALL, Phyllis

Nursing Service in WW2

274639 Sister Phyllis NUTTALL Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service was killed at sea on the 12th February, when the SS Khedive Ismail was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in the Indian Ocean 1 2 3.

She is commemorated on the Brookwood Memorial, Panel 22. Column 2 4.

References

  1. Smith, AK (2002) Gender & Warfare in the twentieth century: Textual representation. Manchester: MUP. p112.
  2. Worsley, P.(Ed) (2010) SS Khedive Ismail. Maritime Heritage Association Journal Vol. 2 (12). p7.
  3. Crabbe, B. (2014) Beyond the call of duty [WWW] http://www.briancrabbmaritimebooks.co.uk/beyond-the-call-of-duty
  4. Commonwealth War Graves Commission http://www.cwg.org

MORGAN, Sarah

Nursing Service in WW2

274164 Sister Sarah MORGAN Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service was killed at sea on the 12th February 1944, when the SS Khedive Ismail was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in the Indian Ocean1, 2, 3. She is commemorated on the Brookwood Memorial Panel 22. Column 24.

References

  1. Smith, AK (2004) Gender & Warfare in the twentieth century: Textual representations. Manchester: MUP. p112.
  2. Worsley, P. (Ed) (2010) SS Khedive Ismail. Maritime Heritage Association Journal Vol 21(2). p7.
  3. Crabbe, B. (2014) Beyond the call of duty [WWW] http://www.briancrabbmaritimebooks.co.uk/beyond-the-call-of-duty
  4. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org

MOORE, Isabella

Nursing Service in WW2

215107 Sister Isabella MOORE Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service was killed at sea on the 12th February 1944, when the SS Khedive Ismail was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in the Indian Ocean1 2 3. She is commemorated on the Brookwood Memorial, Panel 22. Column 2. Daughter of Thomas and Mary Moore4.

References

  1. Smith, AK (2004) Gender & Warfare in the twentieth century: Textual representations. Manchester: MUP. p112.
  2. Worsley, P. (Ed) (2010) SS Khedive Ismail. Maritime Heritage Association Journal Vol 21(2). p7.
  3. Crabbe, B. (2014) Beyond the call of duty [WWW] http://www.briancrabbmaritimebooks.co.uk/beyond-the-call-of-duty
  4. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org

McMILLAN, Marion Lennox

Biography

Prior to going into the military she was employed at Gartloch Emergency Hospital as a sister, receiving her early training at Belverdere Hospital and Royal Infirmary, Glasgow1.

Nursing Service in WW2

Sister Marion Lennox
Sister Marion Lennox

266937 Sister Marion Lennox McMILLAN Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service was killed at sea on the 12th February 1944, when the SS Khedive Ismail was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in the Indian Ocean2, 3, 4. She is commemorated on the Brookwood Memorial, Panel 22. Column 2. Daughter of Samuel Mitchell McMillan, and of Marion McIntyre McMillan, of California, Falkirkshire. S.R.F.N., S.R.N.5.

References

  1. Twinspire (2015) Polmont Old Parish Church Newsletter Issue 61.
  2. Smith, AK (2004) Gender & Warfare in the twentieth century: Textual representations. Manchester: MUP. p112.
  3. Worsley, P. (Ed) (2010) SS Khedive Ismail. Maritime Heritage Association Journal Vol 21(2). p7.
  4. Crabbe, B. (2014) Beyond the call of duty [WWW] http://www.briancrabbmaritimebooks.co.uk/beyond-the-call-of-duty
  5. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org

MACLAREN, Jean Noel

Nursing Service in WW2

238130 Sister Jean Noel MACLAREN Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service was killed at sea on the 12th February 1944, when the SS Khedive Ismail was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in the Indian Ocean1 2 3. She is commemorated on the Brookwood Memorial, Panel 22. Column 2. Daughter of James Anderson Maclaren, K.C., and of Margaret Yule Maclaren (nee Young)4.

References

  1. Smith, AK (2004) Gender & Warfare in the twentieth century: Textual representations. Manchester: MUP. p112.
  2. Worsley, P. (Ed) (2010) SS Khedive Ismail. Maritime Heritage Association Journal Vol 21(2). p7.
  3. Crabbe, B. (2014) Beyond the call of duty [WWW] http://www.briancrabbmaritimebooks.co.uk/beyond-the-call-of-duty
  4. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org

LOW, Harriet Isabella

Bibliography

Harriet Isabella Low was born in Blairgowrie, Perthshire on April 3rd 19061,2. She trained at Ruchill Hospital in Glasgow, sitting her final examinations in 19343. She joined the Territorial Army Nursing Service as a Staff Nurse before the outbreak of WW2. She was commissioned as a Sister on May 30th 19414.

Nursing Service in WW2

Harriet Isabella Low
Harriet Isabella Low

Harriet gave an interview in 1989 where she recorded some of her memories5:

Through the blood and thunder of the Normandy landings, nursing officer Harriet Fisher, in boots, leggings and helmet fought to save the lives of countless wounded men.

At 83, she now lives a quieter, but active life in Canterbury, where she has been for 43 years, working as a district nurse and midwife, and supporting many voluntary organisations.

Harriet was called up for action in September, 1939, at home in Scotland, where she was a member of the Dundee Territorial Army.

In the following months, she was installed on a huge floating hospital, which was to voyage through treacherous waters to visit war zones all over the world.

The three ships sailed first to India, then to Africa, and were constantly in danger of attack.

Despite the danger, Harriet has happy memories of that time. On board ship was a young soldier just back from Singapore, called Bill Fisher, who she was to marry a few years later.

“Anything could have happened to us – ships were being torpedoed all the time, but we didn’t have time to think of the dangers. I was very happy,” said Harriet.

After a stop in India, they set up a hospital in Cairo and nursed convoys of soldiers who had been fighting in the desert.

Although she saw some horrific injuries, Harriet remembers the characters she met and the jokes she shared with the soldiers.

“When they saw me coming up the ward, they used to say to each other, ‘Lie down Jock, the battleaxe is coming!’ and as they got better, they used to help me do the tea in the mornings.”

In 1944, with invasion preparations intensifying in Britain, Harriett was anxious to get on the front line. “We didn’t want to miss that.”

She remembers landing on the Normandy beaches and all the excitement and noise, but, armed with her nurses’ instruments in dangerous territory, her first thought was to help the wounded.

A casualty clearing station was set up in nearby Bayeux, and injured soldiers flooded in.

“I will never forget the bombing while we were there. At night, I used to lie on my tummy and watch the gunfire lighting up the sky,” she recalls.

She has been awarded several medals for bravery. The sense of discipline she learned on the front lines and her staunch love of the nursing profession have stayed with her.

After her marriage to Bill Fisher, the soldier she met at sea, she came to Canterbury and worked as a district nurse and midwife. She is now the vice president of the East Kent Normandy Veterans and is always busily engaged in voluntary work.”

There are some slight inaccuracies in this report. Harriet did not receive medals for bravery, but was ‘Mentioned in Dispatches’ twice for her service in North West Europe and the Normandy landings6,7.

Harriett also gave talks on her experiences in the Second World War and her family have some of her notes made for these. What follows is the first 12 pages from her notebook8:

I was called up in September 1939 & mobilised at Cruden Bay Hotel, Aberdeenshire, a beautiful golf course in a lovely setting. I left Aberdeen by train for Liverpool, on 22nd July, 1940. We then left Liverpool on the Aquitania on the 24th July 1940. Also with us was the Mauritania. We were escorted by two cruisers & three destroyers. We picked up the Queen Mary on the North West coast of Ireland. Altogether we were three large General Hospitals – the 15th (Scottish) General Hospital, the 23rd (Scottish) Peebles General Hospital, and the 19th General Hospital (Ormskirk).

It was a lovely morning when we set sail for an ‘unknown destination’. On the way out we danced, played deck quoits, chess, bridge, whist drives, had concerts & parties. The cabins were wonderful, 1st class & in ours there were three beds, WC & a bathroom (three nursing sisters). We had a wonderful shop where one could buy sweets, cigarettes, cosmetics etc. & there was also a hairdressers salon & we had our special stewards who did us well.

The Dining Saloon was exquisite, small tables which we had to keep too, all the way across, dressing for dinner etc. according to the climate. Meals were served at regular hours & the same stewards at every meal & they really were exceptionally nice. We went to church every Sunday a.m. having three padres, Church of Scotland, Church of England & Roman Catholic. We also had evening services, comunity singing & communion. Of course, in the evening on the ship, we had complete blackout, and one of the stewards, his duty was to go around all of the cabins, shut up all the windows & port holes & then they were opened again in the morning, same procedure. All the doors leading to, & out on to the deck, were covered inside by large black heavy curtains, as blackout was absolutely necessary & we were always having lectures to this effect, even the cigarettes were not allowed by anyone on the deck after blackout time. Two or three times every day we had boat drill, all at our special boat stations.

We danced nearly every night & as we were an all Scottish unit we danced every Scotch dance possible, Eightsome Reels, Quadrilles, Two-steps, Strip the Willow, Brown’s Reel, Waltzes, Flowers of Edinburgh, Dashing White Sergeant, The Gay Gordons, Highland Scottish etc. & even crossing the equator we danced Eightsome Reels with all the usual formalities. We used to get up every a.m. very early & walk around the deck six r seven times before breakfast. The meals were really wonderful, & of course, there were many fish courses & the bar as usual. Several of the Sisters were very sick for a few days, but it never affected me one bit.

We even played tug-of-war, Sisters & officers, & mixed teams etc. There was every possible regiment Royal Engineers, Royal Artillery, Tank Corps, Guardsman, Pay Corps, RAF, RASC, RAOC, RAMC, Hussars, Military Police, SIB & Intelligence etc.

The 1st port of call was Freetown on the East coast of Africa, a very nasty climate indeed, a highly malaria area. We stayed here only one night, but never were allowed ashore. We sailed from Freetown to Cape Town, as the ships being too big, we went on to the Naval art of Simonstown. We anchored & were taken ashore in small boats, having to climb down the rope ladders, which was really great fun. We stayed here for six nights, being allowed ashore every day. We had a wonderful reception & a really lovely time. One feature was the ‘darkies’ who used to jump in & out of th water from their little punts to find the English money we threw in from deck of our ship. We visited all the places of interest possible, at our disposal, the Table Mountain, hospitals etc. & enjoyed trips all  around.

We sailed from Simonstown to Columbo, the capital of Ceylon. We stayed here for 4 days & from there transhipped, sailing to Bombay on a ship called the Talamba, an Indian boat, having curry & rice nearly every day & served by the Indians. We went ashore at Bombay, where we stayed for 6 days in the Empress Hotel, & I was lucky a nurse friend of mine awaited us & took us to visit her hospital. We did all the sight seeing possible, visiting places of interest & had trips all around on the rickshaws pulled by the natives, also visiting a Regular Army hospital. Our troops were stationed at the stadium, where they had a well-earned rest & further training. When we left Bombay there were 13 ships in our convoy, when we sailed on to the Suez Canal through the Red Sea, & the heat was absolutely terrific.

We eventually arrived in the city of Cairo where we started up the 15th (Scottish) General Hospital. It was a beautiful hospital belonging to the Egyptians, situated across the road from the banks of the Nile. The Sisters’ Mess being 3 magnificent houseboats on the Nile, & living accommodation too, Anglo-American houseboats. Each Sister had a single cabin with all conveniences, on one side, the Nile & on the other side the tram cars & traffic etc., & our hospital just across the road. We had a super dining room downstairs, sitting room & lounge upstairs. The waiters were all Sudanese & spoke English very little. They used to dress up elaborately for serving of meals. The food was really wonderful, & we had fresh fruit served every day such as:- bananas, figs, dates, grapes, mangoes. oranges, water melon, sugar melon, & many more foreign fruits. Every cabin had a bell, & if you wished tea in your cabin you ordered it, & the boy brought it to you, beautifully served. We could also have visitors to tea on the top lounge, small tables, & overlooking the Nile on one side, & the busy traffic on the other. We had two small boats, attached to our houseboats, for taking us across the river to the ‘Geizero Sporting Club’, which all Sisters could join if they wished to, payment of course. I used to play squash quite a lot, tennis, & riding, swimming etc. The swimming pool was excellent, & you could have tea by the side of he pool.

We used to visit the pyramids, & have our fortunes told in the sand. The best time of course to visit the pyramids was at twelve o’clock at night, when the moon was shining on them. The camels used to pass our hospital during the night, & all you could hear was the tinkle of the little bell around their necks, & see all the shadows. During my stay in Cairo I was a member of ‘The Services Choral Society’, which gave a performance of Handel’s ‘Messiah; in Cairo Cathedral, which was broadcast home. I was also a member of the Church of Scotland choir in the Scottish Church in Cairo. After the church service we used to help all of the soldiers possible & provide teas free. They also used to run dances for the troops. I also had the pleasure of speaking to my parents over the radio, to my home in Blairgowrie, Perthshire, & to my husband’s mother in Canterbury, & this was a very thrilling experience indeed. I stayed with my hospital for 2 1/2 years, where we worked exceedingly hard indeed, with all the heavy casualties from the western desert, nursing our wonderful & unforgettable 8th Army, having the pleasure of Lord Montgomery, & General Wingate, who used to pay a visit to the troops, the Duke of Gloucester, who paid us an official visit, & Sir Arthur Tedder.

I used to take parties of our patients who had been very badly wounded, to Cairo, by taxi & give them tea, ice cream  & cakes. These were patients who had been badly disabled, perhaps one leg, no hands, shrapnel wounds, face disfigurements etc. I did this on my day off, or on my half day. I booked the same place overtime, which was the TOC-H, and where we received VIP treatment. It was run by a Scottish Matron, and she certainly looked very well after us. It was very private, & if the lads could not feed themselves it was my pleasure to do it, rather than to have the Egyptians watching us, as there was nothing they ever missed.

During my start in Cairo I had a vacation to ‘The Holy Land’, visiting Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Gethsemane, Balbex, & the Wailing Wall, & right up through Syria to Allepo, up to the borders …

References

  1. National Records of Scotland, Statutory Registers: Births, 335/29 Harriet Isabella Low
  2. England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-2007
  3. Royal College of Nursing, Edinburgh: Scotland, Nursing Applications, 1921-1945
  4. Supplement to the London Gazette February 6th 1941, page 607
  5. Canterbury Adscene, Friday 1st September 1989 “Echoes of War – Part Two”
  6. Supplement to the London Gazette May 10th 1945, page 2468
  7. Supplement to the London Gazette November 8th 1945, page 5455
  8. Notebook of Harriet Isabella Fisher (née Low)

LOUGHNAN, Margery

Early Years

When Margery Loughnan was born in October 1888 in Sleaford, Lincolnshire, her father, Alfred, was 30, and her mother, Mildred, was 31. She had three brothers and five sisters1,2. In 1911 she was a Governess at a house near her family in Croydon3. She trained as a nurse at Guy’s Hospital, London 1913-1916, joining the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve) (QAIMNS(R))in April 19164.

Nursing Service in Word War One

Margery Loughnan was a Staff Nurse in the QAIMNS(R) serving mostly in hospitals in the UK, with one posting to the Hospital Ship Karylan4. Her postings are listed on a copper plate.

Two of her sisters, Kathleen and Isabel served overseas with the Red Cross as VADs5. Her brother Edmund served as a telegraphist in the Royal Navy6.

Nursing Service between the wars

Staff Nurse Loughnan transferred from the Reserve to the Regular Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service on the 2nd May 19197. She had numerous postings during this period8,9,10, being promoted to Sister in 192611. She was in India at the start of World War Two.

Nursing Service in World War Two

By 1941 she was a Matron (acting Principal Matron) and was awarded the Royal Red Cross12. She was confirmed as a Principal Matron in 194213. In 1944 she was made an Officer of the Military Division of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services in India14. Her citation reads:

For her conspicuously successful administration of the Nursing Services of the Eastern Army throughout its formation and action and especially during the period (June – October 43) under review. In spite of initial shortages of personnel and of the low standard of training of many of the A.N.S., she has raised the general standard of nursing throughout the Army area to a satisfactory level. By continued personal contact she has directed and improved nursing in hard pressed outstations and always provided nursing staffs for forward units as soon as these could be posted. By her cheerfully firm handling of some 750 members she has most ably administered the Nursing Service of the Eastern Army.

She served with the 14th Army. This was a multinational force comprising units from Commonwealth countries during World War II. Many of its units were from the Indian Army as well as British units and there were also significant contributions from West and East African divisions within the British Army. It was often referred to as the “Forgotten Army” because its operations in the Burma Campaign were overlooked by the contemporary press, and remained more obscure than those of the corresponding formations in Europe for long after the war.

In June 1946 she was retired from her post as Principal Matron, but was then re-employed as a Matron16. She was reconfirmed as Principal Matron, and given the honorary title Chief Principal Matron in 194717,18.

References

  1. 1891 England Census RG12; Piece: 749; Folio: 127; Page: 57
  2. 1901 England Census  RG13; Piece: 990; Folio: 38; Page: 23
  3. 1911 England Census RG14; Piece: 3388; Schedule Number: 199
  4. UK & Ireland, Nursing Registers, 1898-1968
  5. http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War
  6. The National Archives ADM 127/362 Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Ratings Campaign Medal Rolls 1914-1920
  7. The London Gazette 20th February 1920 31789 p. 2151
  8. The Army List 1922
  9. The Army List 1933
  10. The Army List 1936
  11. The British Journal of Nursing, August 1926 p. 188
  12. The London Gazette 1st July 1941 Supplement p3751
  13. The London Gazette 1st December 1942 Second Supplement p.5259
  14. The London Gazette 19th October 1944 Supplement p.4784
  15. The National Archives WO 373/79 Pt.2
  16. The London Gazette 4th October 1946 Supplement p.4941
  17. The London Gazette 2th April 1947 Supplement p.1543
  18. The London Gazette 8th July 1947 Supplement p.3116

Indian Copper Tray bearing all of Margery Loughnan’s postings

Tray with Margery Loughnan's postings inscribed
Tray with Margery Loughnan’s postings inscribed

QAIMNS(R)

  • Brockenhurst 1916
  • Sheffield 1916
  • HS Kalyan 1917
  • Cosham 1918
  • Blandford 1918
  • Reading 1918

QAIMNS

  • Aldershot 1919
  • Constantinople 1922
  • Gallipoli 1923
  • Millbank 1923
  • Colchester 1915
  • Allahabad 1927
  • Maymyo 1928
  • Rangoon 1930
  • Ranikhet 1930
  • Lucknow 1931
  • Jhansi 1931
  • Millbank 1932
  • Agra 1935
  • Peshawar 1937
  • Muree 1938
  • Lahore 1939
  • Oxford 1940
  • Millbank 1940
  • West Africa 1940
  • N.W. Army 1942
  • Eastern Army 1942
  • 14th Army 1943
  • C.M.F. 1944
  • HS Doresetshire 1946-47
  • RMA Sandhurst 1947-56

LITTLETON, Mary Joyce

Nursing Service in WW2

236448 Sister Mary Joyce LITTLETON Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service was killed at sea on the 12th February 1944, when the SS Khedive Ismail was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in the Indian Ocean1, 2, 3. She is commemorated on the Brookwood Memorial, Panel 22. Column 2. Daughter of John and Louietta Mary Littleton, of Wheyrigg, Cumberland4.

References

  1. Smith, AK (2004) Gender & Warfare in the twentieth century: Textual representations. Manchester: MUP. p112.
  2. Worsley, P. (Ed) (2010) SS Khedive Ismail. Maritime Heritage Association Journal Vol 21(2). p7.
  3. Crabbe, B. (2014) Beyond the call of duty [WWW] http://www.briancrabbmaritimebooks.co.uk/beyond-the-call-of-duty
  4. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org

LEECH, Barbara Elisabeth

Nursing Service in WW2

266730 Sister Barbara Elisabeth LEECH Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service was killed at sea on the 12th February 1944, when the SS Khedive Ismailwas torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in the Indian Ocean1 2 3. She is commemorated on the Brookwood Memorial, Panel 22. Column 2. Daughter of Thomas and Winifred Amy Leech, of Enfield, Middlesex4.

References

  1. Smith, AK (2004) Gender & Warfare in the twentieth century: Textual representations. Manchester: MUP. p112.
  2. Worsley, P. (Ed) (2010) SS Khedive Ismail. Maritime Heritage Association Journal Vol 21(2). p7.
  3. Crabbe, B. (2014) Beyond the call of duty [WWW] http://www.briancrabbmaritimebooks.co.uk/beyond-the-call-of-duty
  4. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org