Early Years

When Margery Loughnan was born in October 1888 in Sleaford, Lincolnshire, her father, Alfred, was 30, and her mother, Mildred, was 31. She had three brothers and five sisters1,2. In 1911 she was a Governess at a house near her family in Croydon3. She trained as a nurse at Guy’s Hospital, London 1913-1916, joining the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve) (QAIMNS(R))in April 19164.

Nursing Service in Word War One

Margery Loughnan was a Staff Nurse in the QAIMNS(R) serving mostly in hospitals in the UK, with one posting to the Hospital Ship Karylan4. Her postings are listed on a copper plate.

Two of her sisters, Kathleen and Isabel served overseas with the Red Cross as VADs5. Her brother Edmund served as a telegraphist in the Royal Navy6.

Nursing Service between the wars

Staff Nurse Loughnan transferred from the Reserve to the Regular Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service on the 2nd May 19197. She had numerous postings during this period8,9,10, being promoted to Sister in 192611. She was in India at the start of World War Two.

Nursing Service in World War Two

By 1941 she was a Matron (acting Principal Matron) and was awarded the Royal Red Cross12. She was confirmed as a Principal Matron in 194213. In 1944 she was made an Officer of the Military Division of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services in India14. Her citation reads:

For her conspicuously successful administration of the Nursing Services of the Eastern Army throughout its formation and action and especially during the period (June – October 43) under review. In spite of initial shortages of personnel and of the low standard of training of many of the A.N.S., she has raised the general standard of nursing throughout the Army area to a satisfactory level. By continued personal contact she has directed and improved nursing in hard pressed outstations and always provided nursing staffs for forward units as soon as these could be posted. By her cheerfully firm handling of some 750 members she has most ably administered the Nursing Service of the Eastern Army.

She served with the 14th Army. This was a multinational force comprising units from Commonwealth countries during World War II. Many of its units were from the Indian Army as well as British units and there were also significant contributions from West and East African divisions within the British Army. It was often referred to as the “Forgotten Army” because its operations in the Burma Campaign were overlooked by the contemporary press, and remained more obscure than those of the corresponding formations in Europe for long after the war.

In June 1946 she was retired from her post as Principal Matron, but was then re-employed as a Matron16. She was reconfirmed as Principal Matron, and given the honorary title Chief Principal Matron in 194717,18.


  1. 1891 England Census RG12; Piece: 749; Folio: 127; Page: 57
  2. 1901 England Census  RG13; Piece: 990; Folio: 38; Page: 23
  3. 1911 England Census RG14; Piece: 3388; Schedule Number: 199
  4. UK & Ireland, Nursing Registers, 1898-1968
  5. http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War
  6. The National Archives ADM 127/362 Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Ratings Campaign Medal Rolls 1914-1920
  7. The London Gazette 20th February 1920 31789 p. 2151
  8. The Army List 1922
  9. The Army List 1933
  10. The Army List 1936
  11. The British Journal of Nursing, August 1926 p. 188
  12. The London Gazette 1st July 1941 Supplement p3751
  13. The London Gazette 1st December 1942 Second Supplement p.5259
  14. The London Gazette 19th October 1944 Supplement p.4784
  15. The National Archives WO 373/79 Pt.2
  16. The London Gazette 4th October 1946 Supplement p.4941
  17. The London Gazette 2th April 1947 Supplement p.1543
  18. The London Gazette 8th July 1947 Supplement p.3116

Indian Copper Tray bearing all of Margery Loughnan’s postings

Tray with Margery Loughnan's postings inscribed
Tray with Margery Loughnan’s postings inscribed


  • Brockenhurst 1916
  • Sheffield 1916
  • HS Kalyan 1917
  • Cosham 1918
  • Blandford 1918
  • Reading 1918


  • Aldershot 1919
  • Constantinople 1922
  • Gallipoli 1923
  • Millbank 1923
  • Colchester 1915
  • Allahabad 1927
  • Maymyo 1928
  • Rangoon 1930
  • Ranikhet 1930
  • Lucknow 1931
  • Jhansi 1931
  • Millbank 1932
  • Agra 1935
  • Peshawar 1937
  • Muree 1938
  • Lahore 1939
  • Oxford 1940
  • Millbank 1940
  • West Africa 1940
  • N.W. Army 1942
  • Eastern Army 1942
  • 14th Army 1943
  • C.M.F. 1944
  • HS Doresetshire 1946-47
  • RMA Sandhurst 1947-56

BADGER, Lavinia


Lavinia Badger was born on the 4th October, 1869, in Rotherham, Yorkshire, daughter of William and Anne. William was a Mechanical Engineer1 2 3. She trained at the Royal Victoria Hospital in Belfast and joined Princess Christian’s Army Nursing Service (Reserve) in 1899.

Nursing Service in the Boer War

Most of her time in South Africa was at the hospital in Kimberley4. She was appointed as a Staff Nurse in the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve) on the 24th March, 1906, and was mobilised at the start of the First World War.

Nursing Service in WW1

She served at 13 General Hospital at Boulogne from the 17th July, 1916 and then moved to No. 1 Casualty Clearing Station (CCS) in February 1917, where she served for nearly a year. She was awarded the Associate Royal Red Cross (ARRC) on the 1st January, 19175. Her report from this unit stated,

Sister L Badger ARRC QAIMNS(R) has performed the duties of Sister-in-Charge in this unit since 24/2/1917. I am very sorry to lose her from that post, to which she has shown capability and energy. She is a hard worker, keen in the interests of her patients, and careful of the well being of the nursing sisters. She will be found to give satisfaction in a post of even higher responsibility than she has filled here4.

© IWM (Q 8112). Miss Badger is right front

She then served in a number of units in France including 41 Stationery Hospital, The Nurses Hospital at Abbeville, 2 Stationery Hospital, and 55 CCS. In this photograph of nurses in their chapel built from logs ready for Sunday service at the 25th Stationary Hospital at Rouen, she is the Matron sitting at the front on the right hand side6. She was admitted to 32 Stationery Hospital on the 3rd of November 1918 with influenza. Two days later she was placed on the Seriously Ill List (SIL) with pneumonia. By the 17th of November she was well enough to be taken of the list. She returned to duty at 25 Stationery Hospital, where her confidential report stated:

Miss L Badger has shown herself to be a good organiser. She is thoroughly conversant with all the administrative details and routines of the Matron’s department of a hospital. Under her directions the wards are well run and the nursing services efficiently carried out. She is helpful and most considerate to her subordinates and takes great interest in their comfort and welfare. She is recommended for substantive promotion to a task and position which she will fill with ease4.

She returned to the home establishment having been awarded the Royal Red Cross on the 1st January, 19197 8 (conferred by The King, at Buckingham Palace, December 17, 19199), and was posted to the Military Families Hospital in the Curragh. She had an extended period of unpaid leave in 1920. When she returned to her post she became a member of the newly formed Queen Alexandra’s Military Families Nursing Service (QAMFNS). She was made Sister in Charge at the Curragh Military Families Hospital in 1921. A year later she moved to the Military Families Hospital at Chatham4. She was placed on retired pay on the 8th January, 1923 after a total of 22 years service and received a military pension until her death (aged 80) in 194910.


  1. The National Archives England Census RG10; Piece: 4706; Folio: 28; Page: 6
  2. The National Archives England Census RG11; Piece: 4675; Folio: 70; Page: 13
  3. The National Archives England Census RG14; Piece: 28082
  4. The Nation Archives War Office WO 399/257
  5. The London Gazette, 29 December 1916, Supplement: 29886 Page 46
  6. Imperial War Museum, First World War Official Collection, Q 8112
  7. The London Gazette, 31 December 1918 Supplement: 31092, Page 33
  8. The British Journal of Nursing, January 11, 1919, page 17
  9. The British Journal of Nursing, January 3, 1920, page 5
  10. England & Wales, Death Index, 1916-2007, 820, 2c

BABB, Mary Lyneham Tanyer


Mary Lyneham Tanyer BABB was born in Dittisham, Totnes, Devon on August 19th, 1863. She trained at St Thomas’ Hospital, London before enlisting in Princess Christian’s Army Nursing Service (Reserve) on April 22nd, 1897. She was given the service number 721.

Nursing Service in the Boer War

She left for South Africa on the German from Southampton on October 28th, 18992. During the Boer War she served at the Base Hospital outside CapeTown3. She returned to England on the Orotavia on April 5th, 1901 for a period of sick leave following enteric fever. She was struck off the South Africa strength and posted to the Military Hospital in Devonport4. She returned to South Africa on the Assaye5. She stayed on as a military nurse in South Africa until 1905, when she returned on the Braemar Castle. She was given leave from the 7th May until the 19th August as she had none in South Africa5.

After the Boer War

After the Boer War she was employed as a trained nurse at the Military Hospital, Dover. On November 22nd, 1908 she was accepted into Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve) and continued working at Dover5.

Nursing Service in WW1

Sister Babb served in WW1 after volunteering to serve abroad from her post in Dover. She was posted to the Hospital Ship Valdovia as Sister QAIMNSR. On board ship she had a period of bronchitis and pleurisy and had to return to the UK for treatment and sick leave5. It is not clear where she then served, but in December 1919 there was the following Confidential Report, from the Military Hospital, Dover:

Sister MLT Babb joined this unit from Ambulance Train duty during which time her work has been most satisfactory. She shows great tact and self-reliance and is capable in every way, and gets on well with those around her and I consider her quite suitable for future employment in a military hospital. Signed: MB Williams Matron QAIMNS5.

She was awarded the Royal Red Cross (RRC) on February 23, 19176 7. She was demobilised at Dover on the 17th December 1919.


  1. War Office (1900) Nominal Roll of Princess Christian’s Army Nursing Service (Reserve) as at 30th September
  2. The Times, October 28, 1899 p12a&12b
  3. The National Archives:WO 100/229 Queen’s South Africa Medal Roll p166 created at Base Hospital, Cape Town; August 2, 1901
  4. The Times, April 11, 1901 p8b
  5. The National Archives: War Office WO 399/254
  6. The London Gazette, February 23, 1917; 29959 p.1947
  7. The British Journal of Nursing, March 3, 1917, p.148

ADDISON, Constance Spong


Constance Addison was born in South Africa on March 15th, 18671.

Nursing Service in the Boer War

Nurse Constance Spong ADDISON served as a member of the Natal Volunteers2. She was awarded the Royal Red Cross for nursing services at Intombi Camp during the siege of Ladysmith3. She also served at the military hospital in Pietermaritizburg, Natal2.


  1. Family History: http://www.hallowsgenealogy.co.uk/add03.htm
  2. The National Archives: War Office WO 100/229 Queen’s South Africa Medal Roll p221 created at Pietermaritzburg, Natal; August 24, 1901
  3. The London Gazette July 26, 1904 p4827



Superintendent Miss Florence Ellen ADDAMS-WILLIAMS was born on April 18, 1859. She trained as a nurse at the Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh1.

Nursing Service in the Victorian Wars

She joined the Army Nursing Service on October 1st 1885, and in 1898 was serving at the Military Hospital in Canterbury2.

Nursing Service in the Boer War

The following is the nursing staff of the Seventh General Hospital, who will leave for South Africa shortly. Superintendent: Miss F. E. Addams- Williams Army Nursing Service; Nursing Sisters: Miss L. Basan, Miss; S. C. Chown, Miss A. N. Ferguson, Miss L. M. Fletcher, Miss E. M. Gardner, Miss M. L. Gordon, Miss M. 0. McNeill, and Miss E. H. Wilson, of the Army Nursing Reserve3.

She went to South Africa on the Norman, sailing on February 10, 19004, serving at No. 7 General Hospital, Escourt5 and in Pretoria6.

She is mentioned in some of the letters of Kate Luard.

After the Boer War

She was appointed to Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS) as Matron 17th February 19037. She was Matron at Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley, where “she did valuable work in reorganising the nursing … after the institution of QAIMNS”1. In 1905 she was awarded the Royal Red Cross:

… in recognition of her special devotion and competency in the nursing of the sick and wounded of His Majesty’s Army, and of her highly successful efforts in inaugurating the new Nursing System at Netley8.

She succeeded Miss Kerr as Principal Matron in South Africa1:

The position involves the general supervision and inspection of all military hospitals in the country, including the hospitals of women and children at the various military stations1.

She resigned as a Principal Matron in 19089.


  1. Tooley, SA. (1906) The History of Nursing in The British Empire. London: S.H. Bousfield & Co. Ltd.
  2. The War Office (1898) The Army List September 1898
  3. Nursing Record & Hospital World, February 3, 1900, p93
  4. The Times, February 22, 1900 p5e
  5. The National Archives WO 100/229 QSA Medal Roll p51 created at No. 7 General Hospital, Escourt; dated July 23, 1901
  6. The National Archives WO 100/353 KSA Medal Roll p1 created at Pretoria March 19, 1903 Jump up
  7. The London Gazette, May 26 1903, p3364
  8. The London Gazette, 18 August, 1905; Issue 27828, Page 5695
  9. British Journal of Nursing, January 25, 1908, p.68