O’LOUGLIN, Annie Margaret

Bibliography

Miss Annie Margaret O’LOUGHLIN trained at the Bucknell Hospital, Stoke-on-Trent, 1931-1999 and the Smithdown Road Hospital, Liverpool, 1939-1941.

Nursing Service in WW2

Sister Annie Margaret O’LOUGHLIN Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service (Reserve) (QAIMNSR) was killed in action when HMHS Newfoundland was bombed off the Salerno beaches, in the Mediterranean1 2.

References

  1. The British Journal of Nursing, March 1944, p.29
  2. Cassino Memorial Plaques in the Cassino Cemetery, Italy

McGIBBON, Rose Anne (Rosa)

Biography

Rose Anne (known as Rosa during her nursing career), was born in Lurgan, Co. Armagh on August 10th 18861. Following a period as a book keeper she trained as a nurse at the Mater Infirmorum, Belfast, between January 1909 and January 19131. She than trained as a District Nurse at St Lawrence’s House, Dublin, which was the training institution for Catholic nurses at that time1. She enlisted into the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service (Reserve) in June 19152, as a Staff Nurse.

Nursing Service in WWW1

Nurse McGibbon embarked on the Aquitania for Suez, leaving Southampton on the 9th November 1915 and arrived in Egypt on the 27th November. In Egypt she joined 18 Stationary Hospital. In November 2016 she joined 21 General Hospital in Alexandria, and in December 2017 she was appointed an Acting Sister. In June 1918 she was admitted to 19 General Hospital and had an appendicectomy. She appeared to recover but then became very unwell and was readmitted. After investigations she was invalided back to the UK on the Hospital Ship Wandilla. She was sent home on sick leave, and died at home on 6th March 19192.

References

  1. The Wellcome Trust; London, England; Roll of Queen’s Nurses; Volume: 20; Reference: SA/QNI/J.3/20
  2. The National Archives: War Office: WO/399/5187 McGibbon, Rosa

LOUGHNAN, Margery

Early Years

When Margery Loughnan was born in October 1888 in Sleaford, Lincolnshire, her father, Alfred, was 30, and her mother, Mildred, was 31. She had three brothers and five sisters1,2. In 1911 she was a Governess at a house near her family in Croydon3. She trained as a nurse at Guy’s Hospital, London 1913-1916, joining the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve) (QAIMNS(R))in April 19164.

Nursing Service in Word War One

Margery Loughnan was a Staff Nurse in the QAIMNS(R) serving mostly in hospitals in the UK, with one posting to the Hospital Ship Karylan4. Her postings are listed on a copper plate.

Two of her sisters, Kathleen and Isabel served overseas with the Red Cross as VADs5. Her brother Edmund served as a telegraphist in the Royal Navy6.

Nursing Service between the wars

Staff Nurse Loughnan transferred from the Reserve to the Regular Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service on the 2nd May 19197. She had numerous postings during this period8,9,10, being promoted to Sister in 192611. She was in India at the start of World War Two.

Nursing Service in World War Two

By 1941 she was a Matron (acting Principal Matron) and was awarded the Royal Red Cross12. She was confirmed as a Principal Matron in 194213. In 1944 she was made an Officer of the Military Division of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services in India14. Her citation reads:

For her conspicuously successful administration of the Nursing Services of the Eastern Army throughout its formation and action and especially during the period (June – October 43) under review. In spite of initial shortages of personnel and of the low standard of training of many of the A.N.S., she has raised the general standard of nursing throughout the Army area to a satisfactory level. By continued personal contact she has directed and improved nursing in hard pressed outstations and always provided nursing staffs for forward units as soon as these could be posted. By her cheerfully firm handling of some 750 members she has most ably administered the Nursing Service of the Eastern Army.

She served with the 14th Army. This was a multinational force comprising units from Commonwealth countries during World War II. Many of its units were from the Indian Army as well as British units and there were also significant contributions from West and East African divisions within the British Army. It was often referred to as the “Forgotten Army” because its operations in the Burma Campaign were overlooked by the contemporary press, and remained more obscure than those of the corresponding formations in Europe for long after the war.

In June 1946 she was retired from her post as Principal Matron, but was then re-employed as a Matron16. She was reconfirmed as Principal Matron, and given the honorary title Chief Principal Matron in 194717,18.

References

  1. 1891 England Census RG12; Piece: 749; Folio: 127; Page: 57
  2. 1901 England Census  RG13; Piece: 990; Folio: 38; Page: 23
  3. 1911 England Census RG14; Piece: 3388; Schedule Number: 199
  4. UK & Ireland, Nursing Registers, 1898-1968
  5. http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-War
  6. The National Archives ADM 127/362 Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Ratings Campaign Medal Rolls 1914-1920
  7. The London Gazette 20th February 1920 31789 p. 2151
  8. The Army List 1922
  9. The Army List 1933
  10. The Army List 1936
  11. The British Journal of Nursing, August 1926 p. 188
  12. The London Gazette 1st July 1941 Supplement p3751
  13. The London Gazette 1st December 1942 Second Supplement p.5259
  14. The London Gazette 19th October 1944 Supplement p.4784
  15. The National Archives WO 373/79 Pt.2
  16. The London Gazette 4th October 1946 Supplement p.4941
  17. The London Gazette 2th April 1947 Supplement p.1543
  18. The London Gazette 8th July 1947 Supplement p.3116

Indian Copper Tray bearing all of Margery Loughnan’s postings

Tray with Margery Loughnan's postings inscribed
Tray with Margery Loughnan’s postings inscribed

QAIMNS(R)

  • Brockenhurst 1916
  • Sheffield 1916
  • HS Kalyan 1917
  • Cosham 1918
  • Blandford 1918
  • Reading 1918

QAIMNS

  • Aldershot 1919
  • Constantinople 1922
  • Gallipoli 1923
  • Millbank 1923
  • Colchester 1915
  • Allahabad 1927
  • Maymyo 1928
  • Rangoon 1930
  • Ranikhet 1930
  • Lucknow 1931
  • Jhansi 1931
  • Millbank 1932
  • Agra 1935
  • Peshawar 1937
  • Muree 1938
  • Lahore 1939
  • Oxford 1940
  • Millbank 1940
  • West Africa 1940
  • N.W. Army 1942
  • Eastern Army 1942
  • 14th Army 1943
  • C.M.F. 1944
  • HS Doresetshire 1946-47
  • RMA Sandhurst 1947-56

FLECK, Emma

Biography

Emma FLECK was from Dervock, Co. Antrim in Northern Ireland1. She trained as a nurse at the Kent County Mental Hospital, 1934-1939, and the Central Middlesex Hospital 1939-19412.

Nursing Service in WW2

Sister Emma Fleck
Sister Emma Fleck

Sister Emma FLECK joined the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve )in March 1945. She served in India, the Far East, and on the Hospital Ship HMHS Somersetshire2. She died on November 22nd 1947 and is commemorated on the Brookwood Memorial, Panel 22, Column 21 2. She is also remembered on the Dervock & District War Memorial 1939-19453. She was the daughter of James and Emma Fleck, of Dervock, Co. Antrim in Northern Ireland1.

References

  1. Commonwealth War Graves Commission
  2. British Journal of Nursing, January 1948 p.5
  3. Ulster War Memorials [WWW] http://www.ulsterwarmemorials.net/html/dervock__county_antrim.html

DOWLING, N. Gwen

Nursing Service in WW2

Sister DOWLING, N. Gwen, Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve) (QAIMNSR) was serving at the 20th Combined General Hospital, Singapore. She left Singapore on theSS Kuala, which was sunk by Japanese bombers on February 14, 1942.

“… reached Padang and was evacuated with six other nurses … gave evidence to 1943 enquiry …went on to serve in Quetta1 … “.

She is one of the few nurses to have reached home from the sinking of the SS Kuala and the SS Tanjong Pinang.

References

  1. Pether, M. (2012) SS Kuala Researched Passenger List version 3.3.5 (available from the COFEPOW website)

CURRIER, Florence May

Biography

Florence May CURRIER was born in St Georges, Wellington in Shropshire, 14 May 18891 2 3. Her father was an Engineer’s Clerk1. By the 1911 Census she was employed as a domestic servant near to home2.

She trained as a nurse at the Oldham Royal Infirmary may 1913 – May 1916, and was employed there before volunteering for service with the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve)3.

Nursing Service in WW1

After joining the QAIMNSR in February 1917, Staff Nurse Florence May CURRIER was posted to the Military Hospital, Kinmal Park Camp (Kinmel Park Camp was built in 1914 as a training camp for Lord Kitchener’s Army in preparation for serving in the First World War. It had its own branch railway line connecting to the main line at Foryd Station in Rhyl, North Wales)3. Her report in September 1918 stated:

Staff Nurse F. Currier Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. has worked at this hospital for one year and six months. She is kind and willing but lacks experience in ward management and needs to work under supervision3.

She was posted to the BEF in France in September 1918, working mainly at 2 General Hospital in Le Havre. Her report from this hospital stated:

S/N Currier has served in this hospital since 12.9.18 as S/Nurse Medical Section and Night Duty. Her professional ability is up to the average. Administrative capacity good. Temper good. Tact and judgement good. Energetic, reliable and punctual in all her duties. S/N Currier has not done any charge duty since coming to France. With experience she will make a good Sister3.

She was demobilised in July 19193. Whilst she was in Le Havre, Sir John Lavery painted a picture of her along with a VAD. This picture is in the Imperial War Museum – “Le Havre, 1919: Nurse Billam and Sister Currier” (wrongly titled as Sister Currier)4.

References

  1. The National Archives: England Census 1901 RG13; 2523/ 63 /66
  2. The National Archives: England Census 1911 RG14; 16005; 193
  3. The National Archives: War Office 399/1968 Currier, Florence May
  4. http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/16283

COWARD, Laura

Nursing Service in WW2

206068 Sister COWARD, Laura, Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS) was serving in Singapore in 1942. She left Singapore on the SS Kuala, which was sunk by Japanese bombers on February 14, 1942.

… not seen by any survivor since first attack on ship. Believed killed by a direct hit on her cabin1

She died at sea February 14, 1942, and her name is recorded on the Singapore Memorial Column 1132.

References

  1. Pether, M. (2012) SS Kuala Researched Passenger List version 3.3.5 (available from the COFEPOW website)
  2. Commonwealth War Graves Commission http://www.cwgc.org

CHANDLER, Dorothy Maud

Biography

Dorothy Maud Chandler was born in Epsom on 2nd January 18861,2. She contracted Rheumatic Fever as a child which damaged her heart2. She trained as a nurse at the Epsom Union Workhouse Infirmary2,3, 1910-1914. She was accepted into the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve) on the 14th January 19152.

Nursing Service in WW1

Dorothy Maud Chandler

Most of her military service was at the Queen Alexandra Military Hospital, Millbank, London2. In April -May of 1917 she was sent on temporary duty to France. First to 26 General Hospital and then to 1 BRC Hospital to learn about a new way of dealing with wounds, the Carrel-Dakin method. On 15th November 1917 she died of a cerebral embolism at the Hospital for QAIMNS Sisters, Vincent Square, London2. Her death was linked to a damaged mitral valve caused by Rheumatic Fever she had as a child2.

References

  1. England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915
  2. The National Archives, War Office 399 Chandler, Dorothy
  3. 1911 England Census, RG14; Piece: 2965, Epsom Surrey

Note: A prominent French surgeon, Dr. Alexis Carrel, was working in a temporary field hospital and lab near the forest of Compiegne in France, just six and a half miles from the front. Carrel realized that the greatest surgical need was a better method of sterilising wounds, so he and English chemist Henry D. Dakin developed a system that would irrigate wounds with a sterilising solution – saving soldiers’ lives and limbs. Dakin developed the solution, while Carrel developed an apparatus to deliver it.

BOSTOCK, V Muriel

Nursing Service in WW2

Sister BOSTOCK, V Muriel, Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (Reserve) (QAIMNSR) was in Singapore in 1942, but it is not known in what capacity. She left Singapore on the SS Kuala, which was sunk by Japanese bombers on February 14, 1942.

” … reached Singkep and then Eastern Sumatra with Nurse Edith Wood, and Padang where they boarded a Dutch cargo vessel, reaching Columbo on March 6, 19421 … “.

She is one of the few nurses to have reached home from the sinking of the SS Kuala and the SS Tanjong Pinang.

References

  1. Pether, M. (2012) SS Kuala Researched Passenger List version 3.3.5 (available from the COFEPOW website)

BICKERDIKE, Elizabeth Mabel

Biography

Elizabeth Mabel BICKERDIKE

Elizabeth Mabel Bickerdike was born about 1873 in Bombay, India. Her father was an East India merchant. The 1881 Census showed her living with her family in Surrey, England1 as did the census for 18912 and she was educated at the Girls High School, Croydon. She trained as a nurse at the Infirmary in Bolton, Lancashire, and then worked at the Borough Fever Hospital, Croydon. She enlisted in the Princess Christian’s Army Nursing Service (Reserve) on the 13th October, 18993.

Nursing Service in the Boer War

The Queen’s South Africa Medal Rolls show her as having served at No.2 General Hospital, Pretoria4; at No.5 General Hospital, Wynberg5; at No.8 General Hospital, Bloemfontein6, and at No.19 General Hospital, Pretoria7, arriving home to Southampton on the Targus on April 30th, 1901.

Nursing service after the Boer War

She joined the QAIMNS in 19038 and in February 1903 was in the list of the first 12 nurses to be posted as “Staff Nurses” to the Herbert Hospital, Woolwich. In February 1904 she was posted to the troopship Plassy for “Indian troopship duty” and returned to Woolwich in April 1904. She was posted to Alton and in January 1906 to the Military Hospital, Portsmouth. She resigned in July 1906 and became a private nurse with the Registered Nurses Society. The 1911 Census showed her working as a hospital nurse at the Mount Vernon Hospital for Consumption, London9.

Nursing service in WW1

She rejoined the QAIMNS at the start of WW1 becoming an Assistant Matron. She saw service in a number of places. In Egypt, she was at the engagement at Agadir on the 26th February, 1916. She was awarded the Associate Royal Red Cross (ARRC) in 191810.

References

  1. The National Archives: England Census 1881 RG11 823/39/11
  2. The National Archives: England Census 1891 RG12 590/132/4
  3. The War Office: Nominal Roll for the Princess Christian’s Army Nursing Service (Reserve) as at September 30th 1900
  4. War Office: Queen’s South Africa Medal Roll WO100/229:p24
  5. War Office: Queen’s South Africa Medal Roll WO100/229:p45
  6. War Office: Queen’s South Africa Medal Roll WO100/229:p55
  7. War Office: Queen’s South Africa Medal Roll WO100/229:p173
  8. London Gazette, 1903: p3365
  9. The National Archives: England Census 1911 RG14 651
  10. London Gazette, 1918: p6490